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Understanding Disease and Kidney Failure Characteristics – characteristic Symptoms

February 13th, 2017 Leave a comment Go to comments



By : Ririn Sholiha

Kidney disease is a disease in which kidney function has decreased until finally no longer able to work at all for the screening of the body’s electrolyte disposal, maintain fluid balance and body chemicals such as sodium and potassium in the blood or urine production.

Chronic kidney disease or better known in the public as chronic renal failure (CRF) is a condition when the kidney function begins to decline gradually. Indonesia Renal Registry defines chronic renal failure as kidney damage, can be a tissue abnormality, the composition of the blood, urine or kidney imaging tests, in which more than three months. CRF Status transformed into end-stage renal failure (End-Stage Renal Disease / ESRD) when the kidneys are no longer functioning. At this stage usually have a buildup of body wastes, fluids, and electrolytes that can harm the body if done without artificial filtering (dialysis / dialysis) or a kidney transplant.

Kidney disease can Affect anyone who is seriously ill or Injured where it impacts directly on the kidney itself. Kidney disease Often more experienced Reviews those aged adults, especially in the elderly.

Here is some information about Kidney Failure explanation :

A. Causes of Kidney Failure
Occurrence of renal failure caused by some serious illness suffered by the body which is slowly – land affects the kidney organ damage. As for some of the diseases that often affect kidney damage include :

• High blood pressure (Hypertension)
• Diabetes Mellitus (Diabetes Mellitus)
• The blockage of the urinary tract (stones, tumors, narrowing / stricture)
• Autoimmune disorders, such as systemic lupus erythematosus
• Suffering from cancer (cancer)
• Abnormal kidney, where it developed a lot of cysts on the kidney organ itself (polycystic kidney disease)
• Damage to the kidneys filter cells either by infection or inflammation due to the impact of the disease high blood pressure. Medical terms is known as glomerulonephritis.

As for the other diseases that can cause kidney malfunction if not quickly addressed, among others, loss of fluids many sudden (vomiting, bleeding, burns), as well as other diseases such as disease Lung (TBC), Syphilis, Malaria, Hepatitis, Preeclampsia, Drugs and drugs of Amyloidosis.

Kidney failure develops slowly towards a worsening of the kidney where absolutely no longer able to work as its function. In the world of medicine known two kinds of attacks renal failure, acute and chronic.

B. Signs and Symptoms of Kidney Failure

The signs and symptoms of kidney failure patients experienced acute among others : Swollen eyes, feet, severe back pain (colic), urinary pain, fever, urinary bit, urinary red / blood, frequent urination. Abnormalities of Urine : Protein, Blood / Erythrocytes, White Blood Cells / leukocytes, bacteria.

While the signs and symptoms that may arise by the presence of chronic renal failure, among others : Weak, no energy, appetite, nausea, vomiting, swelling, decreased urination, itching, shortness of breath, pale / anemia. Abnormalities of urine : Protein, erythrocytes, leukocytes. Lab examination abnormalities. Other : blood creatinine increase, hemoglobin drops, Urine: protein is always positive.

C. Determination Diagnosis of Kidney Failure

A doctor after asking the patient’s medical history and signs and symptoms, to determine the presence / occurrence of kidney malfunction then He will do a physical examination focused on the possible enlargement of the kidney or swelling around the kidney. In case of suspected damage to kidney function, then the patient will be consulted to a kidney specialist (nephrologist).

Further laboratory examination either blood or urine in order to see the levels of electrolytes sodium and potassium / potassium. In the case – the case of certain medical team may perform the installation of the hose catheter into the urine bag (bladder) to remove urine. When required, the medical team will recommend examination of shooting kidney structure with the method of ultrasound, computed tomography (CT) scans or by Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI) scans. There is even a possibility for action biopsy, namely sampling (sample) kidney tissue.

D. Treatment and Treatment of Kidney Failure
Handling and treatment of kidney failure depends on the cause of the failure of kidney function itself. In essence, the goal of treatment is to control symptoms, minimizing complications and slow disease progression. For example, a patient may need to perform a low intake of dietary sodium, potassium, protein and fluids. When the cause is unknown is the impact of other diseases, then the doctor will give drugs – drugs or therapy as the provision of drugs for the treatment of hypertension, anemia, or possibly high cholesterol.

Someone who experienced failure of renal function should be monitored very income (intake) and expenditure (output) of fluid, so that the actions and the treatment given to do well. In some serious cases, patients will be advised or given blood laundering measures {Haemodialisa (dialysis)}. Another possibility is to measure kidney transplant or a kidney transplant.

E. Precautions Suffer Kidney Disease
We were in a state of “feeling well” at least expected to conduct the examination the doctor / control / laboratory. As for those who otherwise impaired kidneys, either mild or moderate are expected to be – careful in consuming oabat – drugs such as rheumatic drugs, certain antibiotics and promptly treated if infected, avoid lack of fluids (vomiting), Control periodically.

CRF itself, usually does not cause symptoms that make people with the disease is usually not aware of the symptoms until it reaches an advanced stage. CRF usually detected at an early stage when a blood test or urine.

GGK advanced stages commonly experienced symptoms : shortness of breath, nausea, fatigue, swollen ankles, feet, or hands due to a buildup of fluid in the circulation of the body, shortness of breath, as well as the appearance of blood in the urine.

Blood and urine tests on a regular basis every year is highly recommended for people – people at high risk of developing chronic kidney disease. You are at high risk, such as if you have high blood pressure, diabetes, and a family history of chronic kidney disease sufferers.

Renal Function and Chronic Renal Failure Causes
The kidneys are located below the ribs. The shape resembles a pair of nuts on both sides of the body.
Functioning kidneys filter waste and excess fluid from the blood before it is discharged through urine. Kidney also has various other functions are no less important, namely:

• Adjusting the levels of chemicals in the body that helps the heart and muscles to work properly.
• Helps regulate blood pressure.
• Producing a kind of vitamin D substances which maintain bone health.
• Producing a glycoprotein hormone called erythropoietin that helps stimulate the production of cells – red blood cells.

Some conditions such as diabetes and high blood pressure into the causes of chronic renal failure. In the long term, condition – This condition causes damage to the kidney, so the kidney function decline.

People with Chronic Renal Failure Disease in Indonesia
Based on the results of the Health Research in 2013 by the Ministry of Health, as many as 0.2% of the total Indonesian population have this condition. Central Sulawesi Province was the region with the highest number that is, 0.5% of the total population in the province.

Data from the 7th Report of Indonesian Renal Registry 2014, kidney failure patients who do dialysis at most caused by hypertension (37%). Followed by diabetes (27%), and congenital abnormalities (10%).

This disease is pretty much experienced in some communities in Indonesia, diet, and lifestyle affect the health of our bodies, therefore, maintain a diet, exercise and maintaining a healthy body is very important. Here we will describe some information about how the treatment of renal failure. Please Click Here.


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