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The Cheapest Aircraft in The World

December 19th, 2014 Leave a comment Go to comments

THE CHEAPEST AIRCRAFT IN THE WORLD


By : Ririn Sholiha

Aircraft is an aircraft, fixed wing and can fly with its own power, in addition, the aircraft is one of the means of transport are much in demand by today’s society, because it can transport over long distances with a very short time, it’s no wonder If tickets are always sold out.

Nowadays an increasing number of aircraft, due to technological developments and essential functions, corporate aircraft always develop themselves to improve the quality of the aircraft, some airlines make planes with more technologically advanced and complete facilities, adapted by the needs in each country, of course, very expensive, but there are also companies that make the airplane fly aircraft with low price, good quality, reasonably well equipped facilities. Before we provide a list cheapest aircraft in the world, we will provide historical information on the development of the aircraft up to now, the following information:

The Wright brothers were the originator of the idea to make transportation in the form of modern aircraft in 1903. Thanks to them, now millions of people at the time flier can use this transportation. And not only there, these companies are now manufacturing aircraft have proliferated, such as Boeing, Airbus, British Aerospace Engineering, etc.. Who Wright Brothers??? we will explain below.

The Wright Brothers
The Wright Brothers are the person who first made the idea of transportation, with findings gradually, they always develop. It started from the basic principles of the method lift and drag, by assembling a kite with two large wings duplicate or called biplanes. The framework is inspired by the natural creatures can fly the birds. In the end they found a way to control the driving plane by adding the fins and tail that can be moved as a counterweight and can control the balance of the aircraft.

In 1900-1902, the Wright brothers experimented with using a plane without an engine, or commonly known as gliders. The first glider experiments in 1900 could only provides lift and a half times of that calculated, is not very good. The following year, they re-launched the second glider. That even this time its worse performance, with unstable conditions and loss of speed at low altitude, indicating not a good result.

the wright brothers

the wright brothers

 

With unyielding spirit, the Wright Brothers find innovation by making their own modifications to the wind channel. And create a framework to measure the wing lift more than 200 wings they are trying. And the result, they were able to find and correct the errors and re-calculates the previous glider wing configuration. With careful recalculation, eventually they can fly gliders hundreds of times. These results represent the first successful Wright Brothers, after repeated failures. From this result they continue to be encouraged to create new innovations. Proved with their new design makes multiple machines made of wood, often called twin propeller. Not to be here, another innovation is the addition of a buffer in the form of wings.

Dated December 17, 1903, is a historic day in the aviation world. For the first time on the day of the flight plan on the fly the Wright Brothers must have been equipped with machinery and refinement. According to the Smithsonian Institution and the Fédération Aéronautique Internationale, the first flight is located in Kill Devil Hills, North Carolina, United States. The first flight by Orville Wright in piloti and reached a height of 120 feet, for 12 seconds long. Still later in the same day his brother, Wilbur Wright flew can reach a height of 852 feet and can last for 1 minute in the air. The record is the first step for the advancement of aircraft technology.

the wright brothers

the wright brothers

 

Alberto Santos-Dumont
Alberto Santos-Dumont was the inventors of the other figures which are a boon in the field of aviation, from the country of Brazil. In 1906, he managed to impress the European population by demonstrating a 14-bis aircraft, which can fly for 21 seconds, and as high as 22 meters above the city of Paris. 14-bis is a plane that already has a fixed wing. Innovations that he found a reference to a previous inventor, the Wright Brothers, was added in the form of the surface for the wheel to be on the move. Her goal is to be able to move the ailerons. Ailerons technology that was developed by Alberto is to add a lever in order to regulate the movement of ailerons itself. To ailerons here is to add balance plane, and set the aircraft to be able to turn to the right and to the left. Thanks to the system, Alberto can easily control the balance of his aircraft 14-bis, which was not contained in the draft flyer Wright Brothers airplane.

 

alberto santos dumont

alberto santos dumont

 

In the year 1918-1939 was the Golden Age
The period between World War I and World War II, noted aviation technology developments, which show rapid progress. At the start of the low-powered plane is composed of a wooden frame, until a single piston engine aircraft constructed with high-powered aluminum frame. After World War I ended, many pilots of Air Force vibrant had shown its permissibility in performing aircraft in the sky area. For example, on June 14, 1919 in a Vickers Vimy aircraft flown by Capt. John Alcock and Lt. co-piloted by. Arthur Brown of St. John’s to Clifde, Ireland non-stop. They also won a prize of $ 65,000 as a reward. Eight years later re-recorded the history of Charles Lindbergh who won the Orteig Prize of $ 25,000 for his solo flight across the Atlantic Ocean non-stop.

aircraft flying in the golden age

aircraft flying in the golden age

 

Charles Kingsford Smith
He is an Australian national, in aid with his two partners who participated took part in the ‘race’ to make this record. He was the first that made history by flying across the Pacific Ocean through the south. The First flight is the Oakland-Hawaii route as far as 2.400 miles taken within 27 hours 25 minutes, which passed without any problems, arguably including a smooth flight. The next flight is towards Suva, Fiji. As far as 3.100 miles and travel time takes 34 hours and 30 minutes. Here is their toughest test, having to fly through thunderstorms that stretched across the sky. Luckily they were able to survive until the goal. And once they were greeted by about 25,000 people.

 

 

In the year 1929
In 1929, the Instrument Flight or flight based ranging instrument was developed. This idea was first coined by Jimmy Doolittle. In the same year made most aircraft with a passenger capacity. The plane is a Dornier Do X with Wingspan 48 feet long. In experiments her flight carrying 169 passengers.

In 1930 jets was developed by the German and English. And both continue to develop jets until the end of World War II.

aircraft in the year 1929

aircraft in the year 1929

 

World War II (1939-1945)
World War II became the arena of development and large-scale production, the aircraft for the purpose of war. The countries that fought each other are vying to develop their weapons. Insurgency tactics, strategies bombing distance, and radar technology developed continuously in order to surpass the enemy on the battlefield. In 1939 where the first time in the aircraft flown by Erich Warsitz Heinkel He 178 jet made in Germany, and the Me 262. It is Followed in July 1942 the first bomber in the world of Arado Ar 234. The studies results of a British aircraft participated took part in the event of World War II on the Gloster Master.

Not complete it, if only planes in the large-scale production, without the presence of missiles or long-range missiles. Missile used for the purpose of attacking the enemy, both land and air. V-1 missile is a cruise missile first introduced. The second is the V-2 missiles. Furthermore, the technology is still in use to this day is the rocket-powered missile, which the current era, the pair in the plane bachem Ba Me 163 and 349, this production comes from the German state, which can take off without a runway, in other words the condition vertically (like a helicopter). Although in a state of glory, fighter jets were considered less efficient. The Factors is because the lack of fuel, lack of experienced pilots, as well as a closed stall war industry, in particular the German state developers.

In this era, it is not just any fighter that was developed. Rather helicopters also took part. For Examples is Achgelis Focke Fa 223 in 1941 in Germany. And Sikorsky R-4 helicopter in 1942 in the United States.

aircraft world war II

aircraft world war II

 

In the Year 1945 to the present
After World War II, aircraft used for commercial interests grew very rapidly. The Transportation of people and cargo by using the fleet. Military aircraft is for Examples such as the B-29 and Lancaster that reconfiguring a commercial aircraft. Other aircraft was a DC-3 that was made more comfortable and roaming capabilities further to transport passengers. The first commercial airliner in the first jet engine is the de Havilland Comet in the UK. Later in 1952, BOAC (British Overseas Airways Corporation) is now more commonly known as British Airways, which uses Comet aircraft as scheduled flights.

While many aircraft production in the era of the 50’s, the result is all of it turns out to be the series of failures. It is caused by metal fatigue or cracking metal fuselage body which is often broken during takeoff or flight. The cracks caused by metal every time the planes take off and land, bearing the long run metal fuselage no longer keeping. Fortunately, Indonesia’s best sons at that time find a solution to findSharpshooter part where having a rift. He is Dr. Ing. Bachruddin Jusuf Habibie. He’s only 32 years old at that time he reached. Still very young indeed, but the idea was able to save the world aviation. At that time he’s fame of the theory of the Crack Progression that is to track cracks in the fuselage, which of course can easily be done in maintainance.

The commercial planes jets continues to be produced. Starting from countries with Russia Tupolev Tu-104 of his, and the United States through the company’s Boeing B707 with her. Growing day comfort levels for passengers getting on notice.

In the 70’s the world of aviation is getting into its modern era. Where to start in production aircraft with fly-by-wire concept are handled entirely by computer planes. So, without human assistance, the aircraft can fly the way it works is governed by a set of computers. An example is the production of the output plane Airbus A-300 that is already used its fly by wire system.

aircraft in the year 1945 to the present

aircraft in the year 1945 to the present

 

That was the history of aircraft in the world, now we will provide aircraft information in the list of the cheapest airplane in the world :

JT-17 fighter

Pakistan offers aircraft type JT-17 Thunder to the Indonesian Air Force. According to the Ambassador of Pakistan, this aircraft is a light-bodied aircraft multidimensional, works in all weather and have very good combat capabilities in the air, the facility is similar to the latest generation F-16 made in the United States, and can be reliable, the price is also cheap.

Unit Chief of the Indonesian Air Force Marshal Imam Sufaat explained that a visit to Pakistan to see the JT-17 Thunder aircraft.

During the visit, the Head of the Indonesian Air Force was impressed with the company’s aircraft made Pakistan Aeronautical Complex, in cooperation with the Chengdu Aircraft Industry Corporation of China.

aircraft of the world

aircraft of the world

 

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